Christmas Tree Oil And Gas Ppt
It comes in the types of normal oil production wellhead thermal recovery wellhead offshore wellhead low and high pressure anti sulfide wellhead.
Christmas tree oil and gas ppt. Wellhead equipment made in the plant can be used for oil and gas production water or vappr injection and so on. The christmas tree intends to control the oil well flow in and out and to control pressure and flow. In petroleum and natural gas extraction a christmas tree or tree is an assembly of valves casing spools and fittings used to regulate the flow of pipes in an oil well gas well water injection well water disposal well gas injection well condensate well and other types of wells.
Christmas tree is kept on the well head to maintain the pressure of tubing and consists of series of valves for the entering of fluid from the formation. It is a separate piece of hardware that connects to the wellhead after the. Havard devold oil and gas production handbook an introduction to oil and production abb oil and gas may 2009 edition 2 0 oslo 29 32.
For oil and gas exploration. Wellhead and christmas tree composed by three parts including casing head tubing head oil gas tree used to connect casing string tubing string and sealing layers between the casing and tubing of the annular space between so to control the wellhead pressure and wellhead flow it also could be used for acid fracturing water injection testing and other special operations. What are the functions of christmas trees in oil and gas installations.
Oda ingeborg stendebakken ntnu trondheim a reliability study of a deepwater vertical christmas tree with attention to xt retrieval rate june 2014 11 32. It is named for its resemblance to a decorated tree at christmas. Normally the flow out is oil and gas and flow in is gas for gas lift.
A christmas tree is an assembly of valves spools and fittings used for oil gas water injection water disposal gas injection condensate and other types of wells. The handbook is a good source for training and easy referencing to oil gas industry workers regular engineers and new employees research industry training institutions. In the oil gas industry a christmas tree is a piece of heavy equipment that controls the flow produced by a well.
But bop is the blow out preventer which is kept on casing in order to maintain the fluid pres. This presentation is a course a bout wellheads which includes the basic components of the well head and the advanced techniques. A wellhead must be present to utilize a christmas tree and is used without a christmas tree during drilling.
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